- Formal Letter Outline Template
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- Letter Outline Templates
- Writing A Letter Sample
Rules for Writing Formal Letters in English
Mar 18, 2021 If you're writing a semiformal letter, you might use 'Dear' or 'Hello' as a salutation. Use the first name if that's how you talk to each other, or the courtesy title (Mr or Ms) if not. If you're writing an informal letter, you can use 'Dear' or 'Hello,' as well as more informal greetings such as 'Hi' or 'Hey.' Follow it with the first name. Nov 20, 2014 - Explore PrintableParadise.com's board 'Printable Outline Letters', followed by 5363 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about printable alphabet letters, free printable alphabet letters. Writing a letter to the editor can be a cathartic way to express your viewpoint on a subject that you are passionate. Outline the specific points that.
In English there are a number of conventions that should be used when writing a formal or business letter. Furthermore, you try to write as simply and as clearly as possible, and not to make the letter longer than necessary. Remember not to use informal language like contractions.
1) Your Address
The return address should be written in the top right-hand corner of the letter.
2) The Address of the person you are writing to
The inside address should be written on the left, starting below your address.
Different people put the date on different sides of the page. You can write this on the right or the left on the line after the address you are writing to. Write the month as a word.
Salutation or greeting:
1) Dear Sir or Madam,
If you do not know the name of the person you are writing to, use this. It is always advisable to try to find out a name.
2) Dear Mr Jenkins,
If you know the name, use the title (Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms, Dr, etc.) and the surname only. If you are writing to a woman and do not know if she uses Mrs or Miss, you can use Ms, which is for married and single women.
Ending a letter:
1) Yours faithfully
If you do not know the name of the person, end the letter this way.
2) Yours sincerely
If you know the name of the person, end the letter this way.
3) Your signature
Sign your name, then print it underneath the signature. If you think the person you are writing to might not know whether you are male of female, put you title in brackets after your name.
Content of a Formal Letter
The first paragraph should be short and state the purpose of the letter- to make an enquiry, complain, request something, etc.
The paragraph or paragraphs in the middle of the letter should contain the relevant information behind the writing of the letter. Most letters in English are not very long, so keep the information to the essentials and concentrate on organising it in a clear and logical manner rather than expanding too much.
The last paragraph of a formal letter should state what action you expect the recipient to take- to refund, send you information, etc.
Abbreviations Used in Letter Writing
The following abbreviations are widely used in letters:
· asap = as soon as possible
· cc = carbon copy (when you send a copy of a letter to more than one person, you use this abbreviation to let them know)
· enc. = enclosure (when you include other papers with your letter)
· pp = per procurationem (A Latin phrase meaning that you are signing the letter on somebody else's behalf; if they are not there to sign it themselves, etc)
· ps = postscript (when you want to add something after you've finished and signed it)
· pto(informal) = please turn over (to make sure that the other person knows the letter continues on the other side of the page)
· RSVP = please reply
Outline: A Covering Letter
A covering letter is the one that accompanies your CV when you are applying for a job. Here is a fairly conventional plan for the layout of the paragraphs.
Briefly identify yourself and the position you are applying for. Add how you found out about the vacancy.
Give the reasons why you are interested in working for the company and why you wish to be considered for that particular post. State your relevant qualifications and experience, as well as your personal qualities that make you a suitable candidate.
Inform them that you have enclosed your current CV and add any further information that you think could help your case.
Give your availability for interview, thank them for their consideration, restate your interest and close the letter.
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Tips for writing a formal letter
In today's email-driven society, the need to write a formal letter rarely arises. However, it is still occasionally necessary to present a formal letter to obtain information, to apply for an academic program or a job, to write a complaint letter, or simply to express your opinion in an effective and coherent manner.
1. Be concise
State the purpose of your formal letter in the first paragraph and don't veer from the subject. Try to avoid flowery language or long words. Keep the letter short and to the point. This excerpt from Strunk and White's The Elements of Style (4th edition) provides the perfect rule of thumb:
Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. This requires not that the writer make all sentences short, or avoid all detail and treat subjects only in outline, but that every word tell.
In short, this means that every word you write should serve a purpose. Consider which words are necessary and which are not.
2. Use an appropriate tone
A business or formal letter should be written in a tone that is slightly more formal than your everyday language. Avoid the following: slang or jargon; contractions such as I'm, can't, it's; and vague words such as good and nice. Be polite and respectful, even if you are complaining. Take a look at our formal letter example to see what tone is appropriate.
Proofreading is so important. Once you have written your formal letter, check the grammar and spelling carefully. Use the spellchecker on your computer and then re-read the letter yourself, as the spellchecker will not catch every error. Usea dictionary, if necessary. Check the grammar and punctuation for correctness and make sure the sentences are complete.
It is a good idea to have someone else proofread your formal letter, even after you have done so, as it is easy to overlook errors in something you have read many times. If this formal letter is important enough for you to take the time to write, don't rush its completion. Errors will diminish the impact of the statement or impression you are trying to make.
Formal Letter Outline Template
4. Use proper format and presentation
Remember that first impressions last. Use high-quality paper and a matching envelope for your formal letter. Make sure the recipient is addressed properly and that his or her name is spelled correctly. Equally important—don't forget to sign the letter! Check out our letter-writing ebook, which features several examples of formal letters. You can also search for free templates online.
How to format a formal letter
Adhering to the standard conventions of good formal letter writing and presenting your letter attractively will help ensure that the recipient considers your thoughts seriously and gives them the attention and consideration they deserve. Here are a few formatting tips:
The heading consists of your address (but not your name) and the date. Telephone numbers and email addresses are not usually included here, but they are acceptable. Using block format, the heading goes in the top left-hand corner of the page.
123 Elm Ave.
Treesville, ON M1N 2P3
November 23, 2008
The inside address consists of the name and address of the person to whom you are writing. You should try to address the formal letter to a specific person, but if you do not know his or her name, try to at least include his or her title. This address is usually placed four lines below the heading if a word processor is used or one line below the heading if the letter is handwritten.
Mr. M. Leaf (name)
Chief of Syrup Production (title)
Old Sticky Pancake Company
456 Maple Lane
Forest, ON 7W8 9Y0
Skip one line after the inside address and then type the salutation. Your choice of salutation depends on whether you know the intended recipient of the formal letter. The most usual greeting is
followed by the person's name and punctuated with a colon. If you don't know whether the person you are addressing is a man or a woman, you may begin with
Dear Sir or Madam:
again followed by a colon.
may be used if you don't know the marital status of a woman. Furthermore, if the person has a specific title, such as
make sure that you use it. Here are some examples of each salutation:
- Dear Mr. Trunk:
- Dear Ms. Root:
- Dear Mrs. Branch:
- Dear Dr. Acorn:
Skip one line after the salutation and begin the body of the formal letter. This is the main part of the letter. Keep in mind the rules outlined above regarding brevity and coherence. It is best to use short, clear, logical paragraphs to state your business.
Closing and Signature
This is the end of the letter. Skip one line after the last paragraph of the body of the letter and type the closing. Only the first word of the closing should be capitalized. It is punctuated with a comma. Leave several lines after the closing and type (or print) your name. Your actual handwritten signature is to be inserted between these two printed lines, written in ink.
Writing A Formal Letter Outline
Your typed signature marks the end of your letter, and while you can write a postscript (P.S.) containing additional information, it is better to include all pertinent details in the body of the letter itself so nothing is accidentally overlooked.
Writing A Two Page Letter
Now that your formal letter has been written, read it through in its entirety to ensure you have communicated your points thoroughly and accurately. Then, it's ready to be sent off to its recipient!
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About the Author
Writing A Letter Sample
Scribendi's in-house editors work with writers from all over the globe to perfect their writing. They know that no piece of writing is complete without a professional edit, and they love to see a good piece of writing transformed into a great one. Scribendi's in-house editors are unrivaled in both experience and education, having collectively edited millions of words and obtained nearly 20 degrees. They love consuming caffeinated beverages, reading books of various genres, and relaxing in quiet, dimly lit spaces.